Adding Styles to Hugo's YouTube Shortcode, Getting Frustrated with Django's Tutorial, and Building a Screenshot Renamer


[Start 00:00:00] - Add CSS Styles to Hugo’s Youtube Shortcodes

Hugo comes with a shortcode for embedding responsive youtube videos. The basic version looks like this:

{{</* youtube dQw4w9WgXcQ */>}}

The output from the shortcode is embedded in hugo. It contains inline styles to make the video responsive, but there’s no CSS class for further styling. With my theme, this results in zero space below the video before the next element.

It’s not listed in the docs, but you can assign a class by explicitly identifying the id and then calling the class:

{{</* youtube id="dQw4w9WgXcQ" class="youtube_player" */>}}

That’s great and all, but I don’t want to have to add a class that’s going to be the same every time.

You can’t edit the youtube shortcode directly. It’s embedded in Hugo. However, you can override it by putting a new file at either:




So, that’s what I did. Here’s the code I used for my custom youtube.html file:

{{- $pc := .Page.Site.Config.Privacy.YouTube -}}
{{- if not $pc.Disable -}}
{{- $ytHost := cond $pc.PrivacyEnhanced  "" "" -}}
{{- $id := .Get "id" | default (.Get 0) -}}
{{- $class := .Get "class" | default (.Get 1) }}
<div class="youtube_video">
  		src="https://{{ $ytHost }}/embed/{{ $id }}{{ with .Get "autoplay" }}{{ if eq . "true" }}?autoplay=1&mute=1{{ end }}{{ end }}" 
  		allowfullscreen title="YouTube Video"></iframe>
{{ end -}}

[Update October 13, 2020: Added &mute=1 to autoplay which is now required to get autoplay to work]

Then I simply moved the inline styles from the original shortcode source into one of my theme’s scss files.

.youtube_video {
	position: relative; 
	padding-bottom: 56.25%; 
	height: 0; 
	overflow: hidden;
	margin-bottom: 50px;

.youtube_video iframe {
	position: absolute; 
	top: 0; 
	left: 0; 
	width: 100%; 
	height: 100%; 

Quick and easy and now my videos don’t mush against each other.

[Time: 00:29:15] - Making Progress With Django

Trying to dig back into the official Django tutorial. Still just as frustrating as before. It just does not work with the way I learn. They thrown way to much code at you at one time without seeing changes and sometimes have to add and remove code without seeing what the first version does. I made a touch of progress, but frustrated to the point that I bailed again.

There are other tutorials out there, but I’ve decided to write my own. I’ve got enough of a grounding that I can kick around the official one to figure out what I need but make it work the way that works for me (and anyone else that thinks like me).

Stay tuned for that.

[Time: 01:02:09] - Migrate Screenshots to Naming Conventions

I love that Macs have a built in screenshot tool, but I don’t like the naming convention they use for the files. An example is:

Screen Shot 2020-10-05 at 1.57.05 PM.png

It wouldn’t be so bad if they used a 24 hour clock instead of AM/PM. But, even with that, I’d still want it to match the convention I use for my photos and videos. Using the same files as an example, and converting it to my personal directory/file convention gets you:


Which is based mainly off strftime():



  • %Y - Year with century as a decimal number
  • %m - Month as a zero-padded decimal number
  • %b - Month as locale’s abbreviated name
  • %d - Day of the month as a zero-padded decimal number.
  • %H - Hour (24-hour clock) as a zero-padded decimal number.
  • %M - Minute as a zero-padded decimal number.
  • CF - A conflict number that starts at 1 and goes up for each image if more than one occur with the same preceding filename (i.e. occurred in the same minute.)

I spent a lot of time making my own time parser to get the data out of the source filenames before I realized I could just use the built python datetime parser. Things went quick after that. This is another case where things would have gone way faster if I had just thought about the end solution first. But, it took going through the other processes to get to the last one. None of that was wasted time, it’s just the nature of getting more information to refine the process. In this case, refining meant using an entirely different tool. Other than the initial facepalm, I don’t let that get to me.

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